Simulation of Urban MObility, or "SUMO" for short, is an open source, microscopic, multi-modal traffic simulation. It allows to simulate how a given traffic demand which consists of single vehicles moves through a given road network. The simulation allows to address a large set of traffic management topics. It is purely microscopic: each vehicle is modelled explicitly, has an own route, and moves individually through the network.
The simulation platform SUMO offers many features:
- Microscopic simulation - vehicles, pedestrians and public transport are modeled explicitly
- Online interaction – control the simulation with TraCI
- Simulation of multimodal traffic, e. g. , vehicles, public transport and pedestrians
- Time schedules of traffic lights can be imported or generated automatically by SUMO
- No artificial limitations in network size and number of simulated vehicles
- Supported import formats: OpenStreetMap, VISUM, VISSIM, NavTeq
- SUMO is implemented in C++ and uses only portable libraries
SUMO has been used within several projects for answering a large variety of research questions:
- Evaluate the performance of traffic lights, including the evaluation of modern algorithms up to the evaluation of weekly timing plans.
- Vehicle route choice has been investigated, including the development of new methods, the evaluation of eco-aware routing based on pollutant emission, and investigations on network-wide influences of autonomous route choice.
- SUMO was used to provide traffic forecasts for authorities of the City of Cologne during the Pope’s visit in 2005 and during the Soccer World Cup 2006.
- SUMO was used to support simulated in-vehicle telephony behavior for evaluating the performance of GSM-based traffic surveillance.
- SUMO is widely used by the V2X community for both, providing realistic vehicle traces, and for evaluating applications in an on-line loop with a network simulator.
* SUMO download link provides gnu general public license version of the software.
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